Who Invented the Toilet? The History of Flush Toilets

Who Invented the Toilet The History of Flush Toilets

The modern flush toilet, as we know it today, was not invented by a single individual but rather developed and improved upon by several inventors over time. One of the early developments in toilet technology was made by Sir John Harington, an English courtier and writer, who designed a flushing water closet in the late …

Read more

The Sutton Hoo Helmet: An Iron Face of the Vendel Period

Sutton Hoo Helmet

Sutton Hoo is a burial hill in the English county of Suffolk. It was found at the end of 1930, and probably the most significant archeological finds through the whole history of Great Britain were made there. Among these was a ship burial that dates back to the edge of the VI and VII centuries.This …

Read more

Les Sans-Culottes: Marat’s Heart and Soul of the French Revolution


The sans-culottes, the name for the commoners that fought against the monarchy during the rebellion, were arguably the heart and soul of the French Revolution.  With their name derived from their choice in apparel — loose fitting pantaloons, wooden shoes, and red liberty caps — the sans-culottes were workers, artisans, and shopkeepers; patriotic, uncompromising, egalitarian, …

Read more