WW2 Dates and Timeline

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1918

11/11/1918 – World War One Armistice signed

1919

6/28/1919Treaty of Versailles signed

1920

1/16/1920League of Nations meets for the first time

1921

7/29/1921 – Adolf Hitler assumes control of National Socialist German Workers (Nazi) Party

1922

10/24/1922 – Benito Mussolini calls for fascist “Blackshirts” to March on Rome
10/29/1922 – Mussolini appointed Premier by King Victor Emmanuel III

1923

11/8-9/1923 – Hitler’s Munich Beer Hall Putsch fails

1925

1/3/1925 – Mussolini dismisses Italian parliament, begins to assume dictatorial powers
7/18/1925 – Hitler’s treatise, Mein Kampf, is published

1929

10/29/1929 – Wall Street Stock Market crashes

1931

9/18/1931 – Japanese Army invades Manchuria

1932

11/8/1932 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt elected President of the United States

1933

1/30/1933 – Hitler appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Paul von Hindenburg
2/27/1933 – German Reichstag burns down; communists blamed, arrested.
3/23/1933 – Enabling Act passed by Reichstag; Hitler assumes dictatorial power
7/14/1933 – Nazi party declared official party of Germany; all other parties banned
10/14/1933 – Germany quits League of Nations

1934

6/30/1934 – Hitler orders murder of SA Chief Ernst Roehm in “Night of the Long Knives”
8/2/1934 – German President Paul von Hindenburg dies
8/19/1934 – Hitler combines the offices of president and chancellor; assumes the title of Fuhrer

1935

3/16/1935 – Military conscription introduced in Germany in violation of Versailles treaty
9/15/1935 – Nuremberg race laws promulgated
10/3/1935 – Italian Army invades Ethiopia

1936

3/7/1936 – German troops remilitarize the Rhineland in violation of Versailles treaty
5/9/1936 – Italian campaign in Ethiopia ends
7/17/1936 – Spanish Civil War breaks out; Hitler and Mussolini send aid to Franco
10/1/1936 – Franco becomes dictator of Spain
10/25/1936 – Rome-Berlin “Axis” alliance formed

1937

1/19/1937Japan withdraws from Washington Conference Treaty limiting the size of its navy
5/28/1937 – Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of England
6/11/1937Josef Stalin begins purge of Red Army
7/7/1937 – Full-scale war erupts between China and Japan

1938

3/12/1938 – Germany invades Austria; Anschluss (union) proclaimed
10/15/1938 – Germany troops occupy Sudetenland
11/9-10/1938 – Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass)

1939

3/15-16/1939 – German troops occupy the rest of Czechoslovakia in violation of Munich Agreement
3/28/1939 – Spanish Civil War ends
8/23/1939 – Nazi-Soviet nonagression pact signed
9/1/1939 – German Army invades Poland
9/3/1939 – Britain and France declare war on Germany
9/17/1939 – Red Army invades Poland in accordance with Nazi-Soviet Pact
9/27/1939 – Warsaw falls to the Nazis
11/30/1939 – Red Army attacks Finland
9/14/1939 – Soviet Union kicked out of League of Nations

1940

3/12/1940 – Finland signs peace treaty with Soviet Union
4/9/1940 – German Army invades Denmark and Norway
5/10/1940 – German Army invades France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the Netherlands; Winston Churchill appointed British Prime Minister
5/15/1940 – Holland capitulates to Nazis
5/26/1940 – “Miracle at Dunkirk”
5/28/1940 – Belgium capitulates to Nazis
6/10/1940 – Norway capitulates to Nazis; Italy declares war on Britain and France
6/14/1940 – Nazis take Paris
6/22/1940 – France capitulates to Nazis
7/10/1940 – Battle of Britain begins
7/23/1940 – Red Army takes Baltic states of Latvia, Lithuania and Estonia
8/3/1940 – Italian Army invades British Somaliland
8/13/1940 – Luftwaffe begins raids on British airfields and aircraft factories
8/23-24/1940 – Off-course German bombers accidentally bomb London
8/25-26/1940 – Royal Air Force mounts reprisal raid against Berlin
9/7/1940 – German “blitz” on British cities begins in earnest
9/13/1940 – Italian Army attacks Egypt
9/16/1940 – Military conscription introduced in United States
9/27/1940 – Tripartite alliance formed between Germany, Italy and Japan
10/7/1940 – German troops occupy Romania
10/28/1940 – Italian Army attacks Greece
11/5/1940 – Roosevelt re-elected
11/10-11/1940 – RAF raid cripples Italian fleet at Taranto
11/20/1940 – Romania joins Axis
12/9-10/1940 – British counter-attack begins against Italian Army in North Africa

1941

1/22/1941 – British take Tobruk in North Africa from Nazis
2/11/1941 – British Army attacks Italian Somaliland
2/12/1941 – Erwin Rommel assumes command of German Afrika Korps
3/7/1941 – British Army comes to the aid of Greece
3/11/1941 – Lend-Lease Act signed by Roosevelt
4/6/1941 – German Army hastily invades Yugoslavia and Greece
4/17/1941 – Yugoslavia capitulates to Nazis
4/27/1941 – Greece capitulates to Nazis
5/10/1941 – Rudolf Hess flies to Scotland on “peace mission”
5/15/1941 – British counter-attack in Egypt
5/24/1941 – German battleship Bismarck sinks Hood, pride of the Royal Navy
5/27/1941 – Royal Navy sinks Bismarck
6/8/1941 – British Army invades Lebanon and Syria
6/22/1941 – Hitler launches operation Barbarossa, the invasion of the Soviet Union
6/28/1941 – Germans capture Soviet city of Minsk
7/3/1941 – Stalin launches “scorched earth” policy
7/31/1941 – Planning begins for “Final Solution,” the systematic destruction of the Jews
8/12/1941 – Atlantic Charter signed by Roosevelt and Churchil
8/20/1941 – German siege of Soviet city of Leningrad begins
9/1/1941 – Jews order to wear yellow Star of David
9/19/1941 – Germans capture Soviet city of Kiev
9/29/1941 – German SS mass murders Russian Jews at Kiev
10/16/1941 – Germans capture Soviet city of Odessa
10/17/1941 – Hideki Tojo becomes Prime Minister of Japan
10/24/1941 – Germans capture Soviet city of Kharkov
10/30/1941 – German Army occupies the Crimea
11/20/1941 – Germans capture the Soviet city of Rostov
11/27/1941 – Red Army retakes Rostov
12/6/1941 – Red Army launches major counter-offensive
12/7/1941 – Japanese attack naval base at Pearl Harbor
12/8/1941 – Roosevelt gives “Day of Infamy” speech; Britian and the United States declare war on Japan
12/11/1941 – Germany declares war on the United States
12/16/1941 – Rommel’s Afrika Korps forced to retreat in North Africa
12/19/1941 – Hitler assumes post of Commander in Chief of German Army

1942

1/1/1942 – Mass gassing of Jews begins at Auschwitz
1/1/1942 – Allies forge Declaration of the United Nations
1/13/1942 – German U-boats begin sinking ships off American coast in “Operation Drumbeat
1/20/1942 – Nazis coordinate “Final Solution” efforts at Wannsee Conference
1/21/1942 – Rommel counter-attacks in North Africa
4/1/1942 – American citizens of Japanese descent forced into “relocation centers
5/8/1942 – Germans launch summer offensive in the Crimea
5/30/1942 – Royal Air Force launches first 1,000 bomber raid on Cologne, German
6/4/1942 – Japanese Navy resoundingly defeated at Battle of Midway–war reaches its turning point in the Pacific; S.S. Leader Rheinhardt Heydrich dies of wounds sustained in partisan attack at Prague
6/5/1942 – German siege of Sevastopol begins
6/10/1942 – Nazis annihilate Czech town of Lidice in retaliation for Heydrich’s assassination
6/21/1942 – German Afrika Korps recaptures Tobruk
7/3/1942 – Sevastopol falls to German Army
7/5/1942 – Nazi conquest of Crimea achieved
7/9/1942 – German Army begins push towards Stalingrad
8/7/1942 – General Bernard Montgomery assumes command of British Eighth Army in North Africa
8/7/1942Battle of Guadalcanal
9/13/1942German attack on Stalingrad begins
11/3/1942 – Afrika Korps decisively defeated by British at El Alamein
11/8/1942 – Allied invasion of North Africa begins in “Operation Torch”
11/11/1942 – Axis forces occupy Vichy France
11/19/1942 – Soviet forces encircle German Sixth Army at Stalingrad
12/31/1942 – German and British ships engage in the Battle of the Barents Sea

1943

1/2-3/1943 – German Army retreats from Caucasus
1/10/1943 – Red Army begins siege of German-occupied Stalingrad
1/14-23/1943 – Roosevelt and Churchill meet at Casablanca, issue unconditional surrender demand
1/23/1943 – British forces take Tripoli
1/27/1943 – U.S. Air Force opens daylight bombing campaign with attack on Wilhelmshaven, Germany
2/2/1943 – German Sixth Army at Stalingrad surrenders to the Russians; war in Europe reaches its turning point
2/8/1943 – Red Army takes Kursk
2/14-25/1943 – Battle of Kasserine Pass fought in North Africa between German and U.S. forces
2/16/1943 – Red Army retakes Kharkov
3/2/1943 – Afrika Korps withdraws from Tunisia
3/15/1943 – Germany Army recaptures Kharkov
3/16-20/1943 – German submarines achieve their largest tonnage total of the war
4/19/1943 – S.S. begins “liquidation” of the Warsaw ghetto
5/7/1943 – Allies capture Tunisia
5/13/1943 – Remaining Axis troops in North Africa surrender to Allies
5/16-17/1943 – RAF targets German industry in the Ruhr
5/22/1943 – U-boat operations suspended in the North Atlantic due to steep losses
6/11/1943 – Nazis order destruction of Polish ghettos
7/5/1943 – Largest tank battle in history begins at Kursk
7/9-10/1943 – Allied forces land on Sicily
7/22/1943 – American forces take Palermo, Sicily
7/25-26/1943 – Mussolini and the Fascists overthrown
7/27-28/1943 – Allied bombing raid creates firestorm in Hamburg, Germany
8/12-17/1943 – Axis forces withdraw from Sicily
8/17/1943 – USAF suffers steep losses in bombing run on ball-bearing plants at Regensburg and Schweinfurt, Germany
8/23/1943 – Red Army retakes Karkhov
9/8/1943 – New Italian government announces Italy’s surrender
9/9/1943 – Allied forces land in Salerno and Taranto, Italy
9/11/1943 – German Army occupies Italy
9/12/1943 – Nazi commandos rescue Mussolini
9/23/1943 – Fascist government re-established in Italy
10/1/1943 – Allies take Naples
11/6/1943 – Red Army recaptures Kiev
11/28/1943 – “Big Three” of Roosevelt, Stalin and Churchill meet at Tehran
12/24-26/1943 – Soviets begin large offensive in Ukraine

1944

1/6/1944 – Red Army advances into Poland
1/22/1944 – Allied forces land at Anzio, Italy
1/27/1944 – Red Army breaks 900-day siege of Leningrad
1/31/1944 – American forces invade Kwajalein
2/16/1944 – German 14th Army counter-attacks at Anzio
2/18-22/1944 – American forces take Eniwetok
4/8/1944 – Red Army begins offensive in the Crimea
5/9/1944 – Soviet troops recapture Sevastopol
5/12/1944 – German forces in the Crimea surrender
6/5/1944 – Allied forces enter Rome
6/6/1944 – D-Day: invasion of Europe begins with Allied landings at Normandy
6/9/1944 – Red Army advances into Finland
6/13/1944 – Germans begin launching V-1 rockets against London
6/15/1944 – American marines invade Saipan
6/19-20/1944 – “Marianas Turkey Shoot” results in destruction of over 200 Japanese aircraft
6/22/1944 – Red Army begins massive summer offensive
6/27/1944 – American forces liberate Cherbourg
7/3/1944 – Soviet forces recapture Minsk
7/9/1944 – Allied troops liberate Caen
7/18/1944 – American troops liberate St Lo.
7/20/1944 – Hitler survives assassination attempt
7/24/1944 – Soviet forces liberate concentration camp at Majdanek
7/25-30/1944 – Allied forces break-out of Normandy encirclement in “Operation Cobra”
7/28/1944 – Red Army recaptures Brest-Litovsk
8/1/1944 – Polish Home Army begins revolt against Nazis in Warsaw
8/15/1944 – Allies invade Southern France
8/19-20/1944 – Soviet forces invade Romania
8/23/1944 – Rumania capitulates to Soviets
8/25/1944 – Paris liberated
8/31/1944 – Red Army takes Bucharest
9/3/1944 – Brussels liberated
9/4/1944 – Antwerp liberated
9/8/1944 – Soviets and Finns sign peace treaty
9/13/1944 – American troops reach the Siegfried Line in western Germany
9/26/1944 – Red Army occupies Estonia
10/2/1944 – Nazis brutally crush revolt in Warsaw; Allies advance into Germany
10/5/1944 – British invade Greece
10/14/1944 – British liberate Athens; Rommel forced to commit suicide for alleged involvement in July assassination plot against Hitler
10/20/1944 – Belgrade, Yugoslavia falls to Soviet forces
10/23-26/1944 – U.S. naval forces destroy remnants of Japanese Navy at the Battle of Leyte Gulf, the largest naval engagement in history
11/7/1944 – Roosevelt elected to fourth term
12/3/1944 – Civil war erupts in Greece; Japanese retreat in Burma
12/15/1944 – American forces invade Phillipine island of Mindoro
12/16/1944 – German Army launches “Battle of the Bulge” offensive on the Western Front
12/17/1944 – Waffen SS executes 81 American prisoners of war in “Malmedy Massacre”

1945

1/9/1945 – American forces invade Phillipine island of Luzon
1/16/1945 – Battle of the Bulge ends in German defeat
1/17/1945 – Red Army liberates Warsaw
1/19/1945 – German lines on Eastern Front collapse; full retreat begins
1/20/1945 – Hungary signs armistice with Allies
1/26/1945 – Soviets liberate Auschwitz
1/27/1945 – Red Army occupies Lithuania
2/4-11/1945 – Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin meet at Yalta Conference
2/13-14/1945 – Allied incendiary raid creates firestorm in Dresden
2/19/1945 – American forces land on Iwo Jima
3/1/1945The Battle of Okinawa
3/3/1945 – American forces liberate Manila in the Phillipines; Finland declares war on Germany
3/7/1945 – Allies capture Cologne; Ludendorff Rail Bridge on Rhine River captured intact at Ramagen
3/9/1945 – Tokyo firebombed
3/16/1945 – Japanese resistance on Iwo Jima ends
3/21/1945 – Allies take Mandalay, Burma
3/30/1945 – Red Army liberates Danzig
4/1/1945 – American troops encircle German forces in the Ruhr
4/12/1945 – Franklin Delano Roosevelt dies of stroke; Harry Truman becomes President; Allies liberate Belsen and Buchenwald concentration camps
4/16/1945 – Red Army launches Berlin offensive; Allies take Nuremberg
4/18/1945 – German forces in the Ruhr capitulate
4/28/1945 – Mussolini hanged by Italian partisans; Venice falls to Allied forces
4/29/1945 – Dachau concentration camp liberated
4/30/1945 – Adolf Hitler and wife Eva Braun commit suicide in Chancellery bunker
5/2/1945 – All German forces in Italy surrender
5/7/1945 – Unconditional surrender of all German forces
5/8/1945 – Victory in Europe (VE) Day
5/23/1945 – SS Reichfuhrer Heinrich Himmler commits suicide
6/5/1945 – Allies divide Germany into occupation zones
6/26/1945 – United Nations World Charter signed in San Francisco
7/16/1945 – First U.S. atomic bomb tested at Los Alamos, New Mexico; Potsdam Conference begins
7/26/1945 – Clement Attlee becomes British Prime Minister
8/6/1945 – First atomic bomb dropped Hiroshima
8/8/1945 – Soviet Union declares war on Japan; Soviet forces invade Manchuria
8/9/1945 – Second atomic bomb dropped on Nagasaki
8/14/1945 – Unconditional surrender of Japanese forces
8/15/1945 – Victory over Japan (VJ) Day
9/2/1945 – Japanese delegation signs instrument of surrender aboard battleship Missouri in Tokyo Bay
11/20/1945 – Nuremberg War Crimes Tribunal begins

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