Ruby Bridges: The Open Door Policy of Forced Desegregation

Ruby Bridges: The Open Door Policy of Forced Desegregation 1

In the 1960s, the political climate in America was beginning to change. The country previously had been steeped in racism against African Americans and the majority of the nation was considered to be a segregated country. There were separate schools for races, separate water fountains there were restaurants that said “whites only” and this was …

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By any means necessary: Malcolm X’s controversial struggle for black freedom

By any means necessary: Malcolm X’s controversial struggle for black freedom 2

In 1960s, the United States was shaken by racial tensions and fledgeling social movements. Discouraged by the shortcomings of the civil rights movement and its apparent inability to secure freedom and self-determination for African American people, one remarkable black man utters the motto that would electrify black communities for decades – (fight for freedom and …

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