The XYZ Affair: Diplomatic Intrigue and a Quasi-War with France

XYZ Affair

The United States was formally born in 1776 when it declared itself independent from Great Britain. But when dealing with international diplomacy, there is no time for a learning curve — it’s a dog-eat-dog world out there.  This was something the United States learned early in its infancy when its friendly relationship with France was …

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The Louisiana Purchase: America’s Big Expansion

The Louisiana Purchase: America's Big Expansion 1

With the ink of the Revolutionary War Treaty of Paris documents barely dried, the Louisiana Purchase in 1803 took the fledgling American nation from being 13 colonies that stretched to the Mississippi, to a country that encompassed everything from the Atlantic to the Rockies. Not only did the land acquisition of the Louisiana Purchase doubled …

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