The United States was formally born in 1776 when it declared itself independent from Great Britain. But when dealing with international diplomacy, there is no time for a learning curve — it’s a dog-eat-dog world out there. This was something the United States learned early in its infancy when its friendly relationship with France was …
How to Cite this Article
There are three different ways you can cite this article.
1. To cite this article in an academic-style article or paper, use:
Matthew Jones, "The XYZ Affair: Diplomatic Intrigue and a Quasi-War with France", History Cooperative, December 23, 2019, https://historycooperative.org/xyz-affair/. Accessed April 9, 2020
2. To link to this article in the text of an online publication, please use this URL:
3. If your web page requires an HTML link, please insert this code:
<a hrefs="https://historycooperative.org/xyz-affair/">The XYZ Affair: Diplomatic Intrigue and a Quasi-War with France</a>