Battle of Yarmouk: An Analysis of Byzantine Military Failure

Battle of Yarmouk: An Analysis of Byzantine Military Failure 1

It is one of the great ironies of history that Emperor Heraclius, who rescued the Byzantine Empire from potential collapse at the hands of the Sassanid Empire, should preside over the defeat of the Byzantine army at the hands of the early Arab caliphs. The collapse of Byzantium’s military position in the near-east was sealed …

Read moreBattle of Yarmouk: An Analysis of Byzantine Military Failure

The Crimean Khanate and the Great Power Struggle for the Ukraine in the 17th Century

The Crimean Khanate and the Great Power Struggle for the Ukraine in the 17th Century 2

The recent annexation of the Crimea by the Russian Federation should remind us of the competing and complicated claims of legitimacy over this tiny black sea territory, in this case between Ukraine and Russia. However, it would be a mistake to analyze Russia’s territorial ambitions as an isolated action, indeed quite the opposite. The Crimean …

Read moreThe Crimean Khanate and the Great Power Struggle for the Ukraine in the 17th Century

Early Humans

Early Humans 3

Recent discoveries have provided much new information on the emergence and spread of modern humans.[1] Scholars in the field of genetics have established that Homo sapiens originated in Africa in about 200,000 B.P., and that our species subsequently displaced all previous hominid species. Recent results in paleontology have gone far toward confirming these views.[2] Further, …

Read moreEarly Humans

The Development of Constantinople, AD 324-565

The Development of Constantinople, AD 324-565 4

The city of Constantinople, capital of the late Roman and Byzantine Empire’s, was one of the last great ancient cities. Located at the mouth of the Bosporus straights and controlling access between the Mediterranean and Black Seas, Constantinople was strategically located to control the lucrative trade routes to the east. Between the cities dedication in AD …

Read moreThe Development of Constantinople, AD 324-565

The Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan and his Warrior Horde Dynasty

The Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan and his Warrior Horde Dynasty 5

An empire arose in the steppes of Mongolia in the thirteenth century that forever changed the map of the world, opened intercontinental trade, spawned new nations, changed the course of leadership in two religions, and impacted history indirectly in a myriad of other ways. At its height, the Mongol Empire was the largest contiguous empire …

Read moreThe Mongol Empire: Genghis Khan and his Warrior Horde Dynasty