By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X’s Controversial Struggle for Black Freedom

By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X’s Controversial Struggle for Black Freedom 1

In the 1960s, the United States was shaken by racial tensions and fledgling social movements. Discouraged by the shortcomings of the civil rights movement and its apparent inability to secure freedom and self-determination for African American people, one remarkable black man utters the motto that would electrify black communities for decades: …to fight whoever gets …

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Stubborn sense of fairness: Nelson Mandela’s life-long struggle for peace and equality

Stubborn sense of fairness: Nelson Mandela’s life-long struggle for peace and equality 2

Standing on the defendant’s dock at his trial in Johannesburg, a black man gives a speech that would inspire nations. It’s 1964 in South Africa, a country torn by racial segregation, and this man is speaking about his ideal of freedom, democracy and equality for all people, black and white. He is on trial for …

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