Ruby Bridges: The Open Door Policy of Forced Desegregation

Ruby Bridges: The Open Door Policy of Forced Desegregation 1

In the 1960s, the political climate in America was beginning to change. The country had in previous history been steeped in racism against African Americans and the majority of the nation was considered to be a segregated country. There were separate schools for races, separate water fountains there were restaurants that said “whites only” and …

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By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X’s Controversial Struggle for Black Freedom

By Any Means Necessary: Malcolm X’s Controversial Struggle for Black Freedom 4

In the 1960s, the United States was shaken by racial tensions and fledgling social movements. Discouraged by the shortcomings of the civil rights movement and its apparent inability to secure freedom and self-determination for African American people, Malcolm X uttered the motto that would electrify black communities for decades: …to fight whoever gets in our …

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Accidental Freedom: The Fall of the Berlin Wall

Accidental Freedom: The Fall of the Berlin Wall 5

“Mr. Gorbachev, tear down this wall!” Those words were uttered by Ronald Reagan in 1987, pleading for the destruction of the Berlin Wall. The wall, although merely 12 feet tall in height, was symbolic of the serious ideological divide between East Germany and West Germany. On the Eastern side, there was Soviet occupation and the …

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