In 1960s, the United States was shaken by racial tensions and fledgeling social movements. Discouraged by the shortcomings of the civil rights movement and its apparent inability to secure freedom and self-determination for African American people, one remarkable black man utters the motto that would electrify black communities for decades – (fight for freedom and equality) by any means necessary. That speech Malcolm X gave at the 1965 founding rally for the Organization of African American Unity, perfectly encapsulated the frustrations of African Americans who had grown tired of being told to be mindful and patient as they wait for equal rights to finally be granted. His radical message of racial justice was instrumental in guiding the ideology of the trans-national Black Power movement in the 1960s and 1970s, and boosting the self-esteem of black communities the world over. He would be a member of the Nation of Islam for 12 long years before finally leaving in 1964, and meeting a tragic end soon after at the hands of his former comrades.